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Translation by H. Yang, Spring 2011
August 5, 1914

Column 3 & 4:

Germany declares war on England. Also at war with France.
The World War is in full swing.
Germany and Austria stand alone against England, France, Russia, Serbia, Montenegro.
Emperor Wilhelm’s Momentous Speech from the Thone

All of Europe  is now up in arms. Germany and Great Britain have declared war on one another. Germany formally decided that it considers itself to be at war with France. The declaration of Britain’s decision, for which that had the entire world was waiting, states happened before the termination of the ultimatum England gave Germany.
The declaration of war was the result of Germany’s refusal to acknowledge England’s demand for respecting of Belgian neutrality.
The British ambassador in Berlin has received his passport.
The constellation of powers in the violent European conflict is, at this time, the following: Germany and Austria stand alone against Britain, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro.
Italy has proclaimed its neutrality, but still has mobilized. Belgium, Holland and Switzerland have also mobilized.
Belgium has responded to German’s wishes to allow its troops passage through the country by stating that it will use all power at its disposal to oppose this.
Sweden has not given its answer to Germany’s and Russia’s inquiry about its position.
Japan declared that it might be necessary under certain circumstances to fulfill obligations to England.
Spain is busy drafting a declaration of neutrality.
President Wilson has issued a proclamation declaring the neutrality of the United States in the European conflict.
Emperor Wilhelm holds an extremely important speech from the throne at the opening of the Reichstag. He describes the reasons why Germany decided to enter the war, and he expresses his confidence that Germany will be victorious.

Declaration of War on Britain
London, Aug. 4- According to an official announcement, Germany has officially declared war on Britain.

Britain answers with declaration of war.
London, Aug. 4- At 7 this evening Britain declared war on Germany.
The British Foreign Office issued the following statement:
“Since the German government has summarily rejected Britain’s position that Belgium’s neutrality should be respected, the British ambassador to Berlin had received his passport. The British government declared to the German government, that from 11 PM on August 4th, there exists a state of war between Britain and Germany.”

Germany at War with France
Paris, Aug. 4- The French Minister of War issued the following note today:
“The German ambassador has submitted a request for his passport, and the diplomatic relations between France and Germany have been severed. War is declared. The first act of the German government was, according to information obtained by the Minister of War from a confirmed source, Mr. Samani, the Ex-President of the French War Society, who lives in Metz, was executed and all members of that Society were thrown in prison.

French Ambassador in Berlin demands his passport.
Paris, Aug. 4- Today the French government sent Jules Cambon, the French ambassador to Berlin, his orders to return. He has demanded his passport and will entrust France’s proxy representation to the United States.
The French government delcared that Baron von Schoen, the German ambassador in Paris, has incorporated several incorrect details in his note, among them a French aviator invaded Belgium, supposedly flew over Nuremberg and dropped bombs, and that French troops had allegedly crossed the German border at various points. A precise investigation has determined that all of these allegations were completely unfounded.

Emporer Wilhelm’s Important Speech
Berlin, Aug. 4- Today’s opening of the Reichstag by Emporer Wilhelm turned out to be an uplifting and meaningful event. In his speech from the throne, the Emporer said:

“The world was a witness, as we have tirelessly attempted to protects the nations of Europe from a war between the large powers, to the chaos and unrest of the preceding years.  The greatest threats had been created by the events on the Balkan Peninsula. Then came the murder of my friend, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which opened a deep precipice. 
My ally, Emperor Franz Joseph, felt obligated to resort to weaponry to protect his realm against the dangerous agitation that was spread in a neighboring country.
While Austria-Hungary wanted to pursue its interests, Russia placed itself in their way.
Our duty as an ally called us to Austria’s side, and simultaneously a tremendous task was imposed on us. Together with the old culture of the two kingdoms, we had to protect our own position against the attacks of hostile forces.
With a heavy heart I gave the order to mobilize my army against our neighbor, with whom we’ve fought side-by-side on many battlefields, and with deep regret I saw the destruction of friendship, to which Germany has kept so loyal.
The imperial-Russian government, led by insatiable Nationalism, is taking aside of one of the states in the war, which has caused the calamity of this war by its criminal acts.
The fact that France has taken the side of our enemy came as no surprise to us. Too often our hopes for engaging in more friendly relations with the French Republic were met by the expression of old hopes and historically rooted hatred.  
The current situation is not born out of a temporary conflict of interest or diplomatic combinations, but is the result of growing envy at the years of strength and prosperity of the German Empire.
We are not motivated by a yearning for conquest. We are propelled by the unwavering desire given to us by God to protect ourselves and to preserve our place for posterity.
My government, and in particular, my Chancellor, tried until the last moment to prevent it from progressing to the worst.
We were forced into self-defense, and, with a clear conscience and clean hands we take hold of the sword.
I am making an appeal to the people and race of the German Empire.
Together with our brotherly allies, we can defend what we have created in peaceful collaboration.
Following the example of our fathers, strong and loyal, austere and chivalrous, humbly before our God and prepared for battle in the face of the enemy, let us trust in the Almighty, who gives our defense strength, and it will lead us to a fulfilling end.” 

At the end of the speech from the throne, the Emperor turned directly to the delegates and spoke the words:

“Gentlemen, you have read what I recently spoke to the people about on the balcony of my castle.  I reiterate that I no longer know the different parties. I only know German. And as evidence to prove that you are determined, with regard for the party affiliation, to stand at my side in danger and death. 
I urge the leaders of the different parties in this house to confirm this by shaking hands.”

The Emperor made the opening ceremony at the White Hall of the castle.
The Empress, the Crown Princess and the members of the foreign diplomatic corps, among them the American Ambassador, James W. Bernard, were present.
The Emperor, who was surrounded by a large number of his staff, wore a grey general’s uniform.
Subsequently following the Emperor’s speech, Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg made the following short speech. He stated:

“We knew that France was ready for an invasion. France could wait, war or no war. However, an attack from the French to our flanks on the Lower Rhein would have been fatal, and that is why were forced to disregard the legitimate protests of the Luxembourg and Belgian governments. We will make amends once we have achieved our military goals.” 

Dr. Edward Larkey, Professor of German Studies and Intercultural Communication at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, approached me in January requesting a possible partnership whereby his German students would be able to have access to certain issues of Der Deutsche Correspondent for translation. This was a most welcome request to which I fully support. His students translated a few days worth of news in 1914 and returned the translations to me via email. I will be posting some of their translations here.

APRIL 8, 1914. COLUMNS 5-6.
Translation by S.A. Fard

Internal Politics. 

Revelations about the Caillaux-case.

From the family life of the former minister.
— 

A bundle of compromising letters plays a role. -Chief Prosecutor Fabre lost his job. -French police inspector kills colleague. -Jealousy the motive – The Swedish king has to undergo surgery.

Paris, April 7. – The question of whether the former financial minister, Joseph Gaillaux, may be accused of assiting in the murder of the Figaro editor Gaston Calmette, was discussed in great detail in today’s local newspapers. The publication of the statement of President Poincare was the reason for this discussion. Many believe that another indication for this accusation is that he was inspired to the deed on his own wife.

The examining magistrate, Mr Henri Boucard, heard both Mr Gaillaux and the former Prime Minister L. Barthou.

Mr. Gaillaux gave the judge a detailed description of his private life and also mentioned domestic difficulties. He explained that as he was with Madame Gueydon, his former wife, in Mamers, two letters that were addressed to his current wife had been stolen from his bundle of letters in his desk.

Mr. Gaillaux said that he had given Madame Guendon the alternative of getting a divorce or reconciliation, but under the condition that his letters would be returned to him. Finally, they came to the conclusion that the letters should be burned, and this is also what happened. His wife, he, and his secretary witnessed the scene. Madame Gueydon assured him specifically, as Mr Caillaux stated, that the letters were neither copies nor photographed. Then reconciliation followed, yet this was followed by a divorce later.

Mr. Jules Herbaux, the counselor on the advisory board of the Supreme Court, was appointed as the successor of Mr. Victor Fabre as Chief Prosecutor today.

(Later). Mr. Fabre rejected the post as attorney general since this position had a lower rank than his previous position.

One believes that he will be nominated to the advisory board of the Supreme Court. This would satisfy public opinion, which protested loudly against making him a scapegoat.

King Gustav has to undergo surgery.

Stockholm, April 1. -Surgery is the only effective means of ending the continuous suffering of the king. This is the opinion of Professor Wilhelm Fleiner who was called in from Heidelberg.

A bulletin posted this afternoon by the medical doctors said that King Gustav is suffering from a stomach ulcer. The bulletin disclaimed all the rumors of it being stomach cancer.

Today, the King expressed the wish that the surgery should be done as soon as possible.

The suffering of the Monarch has a long history. The king has been suffering from repeated incidents since last October.

The French women are not allowed to vote. 

Paris, April 7. -The women of France are not entitled to vote in elections. A decision to this effect was announced today by the Supreme Court.

The French League for Women’s Rights has attempted to register the women as voters in the coming elections and had turned to the court for a decision. But the court ruled against them.

(Column 6)

Police Inspector shoots colleague.

Paris, April 7. – Today, in the police headquarters, Maurice Delacroix, a police inspector, shot his colleague and close friend, police inspector Raymond Dupin. Yesterday evening, Delacroix received information about Dupin allegedly having a relationship with his wife.

The colleagues met this morning, as usual, at the headquarters and reported by the office of chief inspector Lebreton. They left the office together.

As they were walking down the stairs next to each other, Delacroix suddently pulls out his gun and fired it without a single word of warning. He fired five shots at his colleague, who was killed on the spot.

Then Delacroix went to the chief inspector’s office and reported the incident.

The task was too much for him.

Tokyo, April 7. -Viscount Keigo Kiyoura, who took over the task of forming a new cabinet, has given up his attempt because of the many difficulties which discouraged this task. Today he reported this to the Emporer. The political scene in Japan is in a state of complete confusion as a consequence of this.

Today, the members of the “Secret Council”, which the newspapers describe as “a relic of the old Japan”, were again commanded to a conference with the emperor at the palace.