Monthly Archives: January 2012

The following text is a translation of the cover of page Der Deutsche Correspondent on June 4, 1914.  The translation is by A. Russell of Edward Larkey’s German language class, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Spring 2011.

Der Deutsche Correspondent, Newspaper. April - June, 1914. Hilgengberg Archive.


Phoenix, Arizona., June 3rd. – As the inspector of the claims commission, W.A. Ryan, announced, the Federal government has contracted with Sir William Willcocks, the builder of the Aswan dam in Egypt, for the position of consulting engineer for the irrigation bureau of the Federal government. Sir William has already set off for Yuma Arizona on Monday evening for an inspection tour of the entire irrigation complex of the Federal government.

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Short ad notice:
Passports for travel abroad can be taken care of by E. Raine, No. 413, East Baltimore Street, near Custom House Avenue.

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Wallis Islands from France
Newest Outrages of the English Suffragettes.

Set buildings on fire in Belfast and in the vicinity of London. – Woman Destroyer of paintings attacks guard of the Dore-Gallery with an axe. – Holloway prison doctor disciplined by horse whip. – Sword fight in Madrid.

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Paris, June 3 – The French colonial office announced the annexing of the Wallis islands in the South Pacific Ocean. The island chain, which contains some 40 square miles of territory and a population of 4500, has been a French protectorate since 1887. Wallis Island lies north east of Fiji.

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Belfast, June 3rd – Two suffragettes, Ms. Madge Muir and Ms. Mary Larmour where caught this morning as they set a blaze in an apartment building in the vicinity of Belfast. The two women were sent to the prison for interrogation. The fire only caused minor damage.
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Belfast, June 3rd – Today militant Suffragettes attacked Chief Editors of two well known local newspapers that have criticized the campaign of the Suffragettes.

Two well dressed women, one of whom looked huge, entered the office of the “Belfast Telegraph” and were brought to the editing room. Without a word, the larger of the two women went up to Chief Editor Stewart and struck him with a blow from a stool. At the same time, the other dame flung a glue pot at his head.

Both of the women then moved toward the “News Letter Office”, where they made similar attacks on Chief Editor Anderson. The latter is currently under medical treatment.

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London, June 3rd – A young and elegantly dressed Suffragette carried out a barbarous assault with an axe against a guard of the Dore-Gally. He attempted to restrain her from the destruction of valuable paintings on display.  The lady ruined two paintings and chopped up a third before a guard by the name of Bourlet grabbed her by the arm. Enraged, the vandal then turn against the guard swinging multiple times and inflicting great bodily harm.

Other employees overpowered the woman. Shouting and kicking with all her strength, until she was taken into police custody. The vandal left behind a note in which she declared that the suffragette struggle had, up till this point, behaved much too ladylike. She said: “In order to bring an end to all this, you must ensure justice for us. We would rather die than concede. We have been too ladylike, but as of now we will fight and you can kill us. Others will rise up to take our place. I myself have joined in the fight.”

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London, June 3rd – The Suffragettes have turned their attention anew towards Dr. Francis Edward Forward, the medical official of the Holloway Prison. Two women, who were armed with horse whips, jumped the doctor as he was leaving the prison and administered a hefty punishment. A policeman rushed over and arrested the doctors’ assailants. The latter said her behavior was “a protest against the forced feeding for which this pig is responsible.” Dr. Forward declined to press charges against the women, but the police kept them in custody for disorderly conduct. Dr. Forward was attacked in a similar manner on October 11th of last year.

Today in the early hours, the arson division of the Suffragettes burned down a large cricket pavilion at Carlsfield, southwest of London.
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Madrid, June 3rd – Yesterday, Antonio Maura, the son of the previous Prime Minister, and the radical Deputy Rodrigo [EL1] Soriano engaged in a sword fight that was fought out with great vehemency. But it lasted only 17 seconds and ended with the injury of both fighters. Maura received a wound on his forehead and Soriano suffered an honorable slash from his ear to his mouth. No reconciliation was negotiated.
The duel was the result of an unsettling scene that occurred in the lobby of the deputy’s chamber on the 27th of May. Maura had attacked Soriano with a cane and with his fists after Soriano called Maura’s father a coward during a debate.

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Chicago June 3rd – The decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the federal circuit, through which Olaf A. Tveitmoe from San Francisco and Richard Houlihan from Chicago requested a new trial in the dynamite cases, was instead reconfirmed today in an opinion delivered by Judge Seaman. The court revoked its own ruling which granted a new trial to William. Bernhardt from Cincinnati.

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Hickory, Miss., June 3rd
Coroners attempted to identify the bodies of three well dressed men today. Their mangled bodies were found near the tracks of the “Alabama and Vicksburg Railway” in the early hours of the morning. Two of the bodies were found close together about three miles west of Hickory. The third body was found approximately one and a half miles further westward. Wallets which were found near the bodies gave no identification.

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San Francisco, June 3rd

George H. Luchsinger, President of the “Humboldt Savings Bank,” one of the biggest financial institutions in the state of California, committed suicide today. The cause of death was gas inhalation. The officials and directors of the bank stated that an inquiry into the bank’s books determined that the finances of the bank are in the best of shape. Mr. Luchsinger was 56 years old. He leaves behind a widow and a son.

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Buffalo, N.Y., June 3rd 

Mrs L. Carr, 62 years old, was killed instantly and her spouse sustained life-threatening injuries as their carriage, in which was traveling in a funeral procession, was struck by a train of the “Pennsylvania Railway” as it was crossing the railroad tracks in Chaffot.

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Indianapolis, Ind., June 2nd

Governor Ralston will soon proclaim the entire state of Indiana to observe “Sickness Prevention Day” for the month of October. The idea comes from the Indiana “Society for Combating Tuberculosis”. This move towards combating disease will likely involve sixty branches of the “Anti-Tuberculosis Society”, the state sanitary and the educational authorities, including schools, colleges and all public and civil associations in the state.


Gen. Carranza is in possession of a dispatch from the South American mediator. The continuation of the peace conference depends on his answer. Washington officials wait in suspense for his reply.

Niagara Falls, Ont. June 3rd

The mediation conference waits for an answer from General Carranza this evening. General Carranza the High Commander of the Constitutionalist troops in Mexico. He has possession of a message from three South American diplomats who opened the door for Constitutionalist representation in the current conference. It depends on his word whether the entire Mexican problem will be settled by diplomatic means or whether the Constitutionalists will continue their struggle to Mexico City by force of arms.

The mediators have cleared the way for the participation of the Constitutionalists in a dignified manner. The United States hopes that they accept this participation. A rejection of the invitation may potentially result in the withdrawal of moral support the Washington government provided to the Constitutionalist cause.

The mediators were hopeful this evening that General Carranza would send his delegates here. The mediators did not believe that the proceedings would be prolonged indefinitely. They instead have the opposite belief that a peaceful resolution can be reached more quickly because all parties in the Mexican controversy will be participating in establishing the peace program. Neither the Mexican nor the American delegates proceeded today with the conference. It may be said that all authoritative figures here would like to see the Constitutionalists enter the negotiating with reconciliatory spirit. The Constitutionalists will experience neither technical nor other hinderances on the part of the Huerta delegates.

The mediators stated that the note to Carranza will not be made public at this moment out of courtesy and consideration for General Carranza’s opposition. An answer is not expected for another two days. However, people are hopeful that his answer will be favorable.

The mediators are willing to discuss the interests of the Constitutionalists in a fair manner and with special regard in light of the fact that the Constitutionalists control a large part of Mexico now and are therefore represent the most important element in the problem.  The dominant view here is that the Constitutionalists are reluctant to approve the mediation due to a misconception of the nature of the mediation proceedings. There is no intention to negotiate issues concerning the land. The American delegates have never suggested any plan to remedy the agrarian troubles and also have raised no such demand to do this. The American government and the mediators only wish that the provisional government be morally obliged to address the land question and to resolve it in a manner such that they all interests might be satisfied equally.

Although the land question is not the sole cause of unrest in Mexico, it has consistently been the motive for the revolutions.

Should the Constitutionalists refuse to take part in the negotiations and the continuation/prosecution…

(Continuation on page 6.)


The following text is a translation of the cover of page Der Deutsche Correspondent on June 20, 1914.  The translation is by K. Barbour of Edward Larkey’s German language class, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Spring 2011.

June 20, 1914

Accident in Quarry – Explosion in Hillcrest Mine
Probably Over Two Hundred Lost
Only fourteen out of the fifty that were salvaged in the wreck were alive altogether two hundred and fifty minters were buries under the rubble and earth. Toxic gas hampers rescue teams, Mining catastrophe in Belgium  turns out well.

Lethbridge, Alberta, June 19th — As a result of an intense explosion in Mine no. 20 of the Hilcrest Collieries, Ltd., two hundred and fifty miners were buried today in the Crows Nest district, near Fernie, B.C. Of the fifty workers who were pulled from the wreckage, only fourteen were found to be alive. The rescue team has been organized by a number of knowledgeable miners in the area, though their prospects are pretty bleak of finding the over two hundred men to pull out, due to the poisonous gas and extensive debris,.

Some six hundred men entered the mine this morning before the explosion, and three hundred and fifty of them were brought to safety. Shortly thereafter, officials of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company sent a train with several nurses, and medicines of all kinds to the site of the wreck in hopes of helping in any way possible. A rescue team from Blairmore sent by the federal government then joined them.

As the day wore on and dusk approached, a number of women stood anxiously near the mine, waiting and hoping that their loved ones would be found. Their cries for help which had reached the surface earlier, went silent. , The women finally left to go home, with tear stained cheeks. The explosion occurred around 9:00 am and carried such a strong force that it took off the roofs of many of the miners’ small houses nearby and demolished large buildings in the neighborhood.

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Liege, Belgium, June 19th
– A fire ripped through the Vieille Marihaye mine yesterday, burying two hundred coal miners until this morning. Some two hundred of their fellow work mates were able to get out safely when they heard the alarm. The fire still raged on into the afternoon and a rescue team did everything in its power to free the helpless miners.


After hours and hours of selfless and heroic work, the brave rescue workers finally brought all of the miners to the surface.

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London, England, June 19th– Sir John Edward Gray Hill, the nephew of the reformder of the Postal Service was found in dead in his bed this morning. He complained of feeling ill the evening before, but his death was completely unexpected. Sir John, who was 75 years old, was an important figure in the area of marine law, and was president of “The Law Society” from 1903 to 1904.

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Constantinople, June 19th– Serbia has warned the Turkish sultancy that it will not be able to maintain an amicable relationship with the country should Turkey initiate war with Greece. It is believed that this warning has dampened the spirits of Turkey’s warmongers who are currently trying to induce the government to begin hostilities.

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-Two dead, two severely injured. – Two military pilots perish in Petersburg.
-Twelve people killed in tragic landslide in train tunnel. -Anxiously awaiting consequences of Beiliss Case.- Vera Tcheberiak’s brother arrested.- Allegedly involved in Murder of Yuihinksy boy. 

St. Petersburg, June 19th- The Russian military pilot Sopokine was killed today in the Gatchina Aerodome when he tragically plummeted to the ground from a considerable altitude. A second military pilot by the name of Janowski, was killed in an accident later on that day in the Aerodrome.

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Stolkholm, June 19th- Lieutenant G. De Porat, a military pilot, and M. Hygerth, his passenger, suffered serious injuries today when his airplane fell one hundred feet to the ground. The plane crashed near Jonkoping and was the first serious airplane crash in Sweden.

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Nice, Italy, June 19th- A landslide in a tunnel crashed onto the railway today, killing twelve people on the train from Nice to Cuneo, Italy and severely injuring seven others. It is feared that many more people lie helplessly buried under all the debris.

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Kiev, Russia, June 19th- Singaievsky, brother of Vera Tcheberiak, known for his role in the court case regarding the murder of young boy, Andreas Yuihinsky against the accused suspect Mendel Beiliss, was arrested by authorities today. At the same time, Vera is being kept under close surveillance by the police. The woman has been expelled from the organization, “Black Hundreds” had been, which is a sure indication that the expected legal action would be brought against the her.

Two detectives testified at the Beiliss hearing, explaining how they had posed as criminals after hearing from Singaievsky. They had heard that he, along with Rudzinsky and Latisheff at Vera Tcheberiak’s house- the supposed crime scene where thieves and other riff-raff gathered, had killed Yuihinsky.

Vera Tscheberiak had recently had a libel suit brought against Yablonovsky- the editor of “Kievsky Misl”, the same day that he identified her as the accomplice of the murder in his newspaper. Mr. Yablonovsky was able to provide sufficient evidence however, that allowed for his aquittal.

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Guilty of Defamation

St. Petersburg, June 19th- The case against the twenty five lawyers associated with the Beiliss lawsuit has finally ended. All defendants have been found guilty, each serving six months in jail, except for two, who will serve eight months. At the time of the Beiliss trial, the lawyers had declared that the Ministry of Justice and the court in Kiev was was biased by racial and national prejudice.

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London, June 19th- The Arson-Division of the militant Suffragettes attempted arson last night to burn down a church in Beckenham, a southeastern city in the suburbs of London. The flames were quickly extinguished and the damage was only minimal.

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(Fourth Column)


-The same viewpoint shared by State Secretary Bryan. -Throughout the day, Argentinean Ambassador Naón held long conferences with the President and the Secretary Bryan. – Events inside Mexico.

WASHINGTON, JUNE 19TH.-Before Argentinean Ambassador Naón traveled from here to Niagara Falls, he spoke at length into the late hours of the night with President Wilson and State Secretary Bryan today in Washington D.C. He declared that he still had hopes that the Peace Conference goals would be achieved. Naón is one of the three negotiators from South America. After the discussion with Ambassador Naón, State Secretary Bryan also stated that he doesn´t yet have doubts about the success of the negotiators to carry out their plans.


NIAGRA FALLS, JUNE 19TH- Judge Lamar’s memorandum to Señor Emilio Rabasa, leader of the Mexican delegation,was an ultimatum that declared that the United States would insist on the acceptance of its plans for Mexico’s pacification. If the Huerta Delegation does not comply, then the mediation conference will come to a conclusion tomorrow or Monday. The United States have made their position unmistakably clear to the negotiators. Brazilian ambassador da Gama and Chilean ambassador Suarez approached the Americans and were curious to know if the Americans’ opinion had changed due to the tense relationship between Carranza and Villa, though they received a negative response.

The negotiators held no formal meeting today because Argentinean ambassador Naón stayed in Washington for the day but is expected back tomorrow. General Huerta reported from Mexico City that Señor Pedro Lascurain was appointed Foreign Minister, which could potentially change the entire situation if Señor Lascurain completely disregards the negotiations made by the mediators and is appointed provisional President.

Señor Lascurain had the foreign minister’s portfolio under Madero’s rule and became the provisional president since (now former) President Francisco Madero has been overthrown. He then appointed General Huerta to his cabinet and shortly thereafter relinquished his position of President to the general. In Constitutionalist circles, Señor Lascarain would hardly be acceptable as President, because he was accused of being too accommodating to General Huerta

LAREDO, TEXAS, JUNE 19TH- Fifteen generals in the Constitutionalist army, composed of some thirty  thousand men, sent a letter to headquarters at the time of Villa’s resignation and renounced their allegiance to General Carranza. Villa did not sign the note. This information was previously held back due to strict censorship in Saltillo but arrived here today, along with many travelers from Saltillo and Monterrey. According to informed sources, the note claims that the top leaders are aware that the generals will continue their fight against General Huerta, but will only obey the orders of General (Pancho) Villa and will no longer recognize General Carranza. When the travelers left Saltillo, the situation at hand at yet to be fixed by the compromise published later on.

(Continued in column 5) Recent plans indicate that General Pablo Gonzales would attack San Luis Potosi, while Villa would try to capture the city of Zacatecas and then move south to Mexico City as originally planned. Simultaneously General Obregon would march from the west to the capital city.

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(Fifth column)


-While attempting to apprehend a murder suspect.
– Suspect severely wounded.

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, JUNE 19TH- Police Inspector Thomas F. Norton was killed in an attempt to arrest Lawrence Robinson, who is wanted for allegedly three murders in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Robinson was severely injured as Mr. Norton tried to apprehend the Robinson Two other police inspectors and a friend of Robinson’s, Joseph Daniels, took part in the firefight, which began in a restaurant (in the business section) and continued into the street outside. Nearly fifty rounds were shot and luckily, Daniels was apprehended.


GRAND RAPIDS, MIGHIGAN, JUNE 19TH- Lawrence P. (“Chippy”) Robinson is wanted for his involvement with the robbery at Thompson’s Jewelry Store, where three store employees were shot by two thieves. The robbers ran off with twenty-two hundred dollars worth of diamonds. A reward of two thousand dollars has been posted for anyone who captures Robinson.


ABOARD THE BATTLESHIP, “CALIFORNIA” IN MAZATLAN, MEXICO, JUNE 19TH (by wireless transmission to San Diego, CA)-  Refugees arrived last night and this afternoon on the steamship, “City of Para” (from “Pacific Mail Line”) from the besieged city of Tepic. They reported that conditions in the city are desperate. The censorship is so strict that no more details are available, Forty American refugees have already left on the “Para” for San Francisco today. The long siege and the scarcity of food have driven even those foreigners out of the country who until now have stayed behind for health reasons.


TAMPICO, MEXICO, JUNE 18TH (via Laredo, June 19th)- Colonel Lopez Delara will replace General Caballero as Military Governor in Tampico. General Caballero left for Monterrey today, as he will be deployed once again for active duty.


SPOKANE, WA, JUNE 19TH-  Julius Denow, a 45-year old employee of the “C” Company, 14th Infantry Regiments  sadly shot himself today, using his own gun immediately following his arrest, as he abandoned his post without taking approved leave). Mr. Denow already had seven years of service under his belt and only needed two more years before he could have retired.


CHICAGO, JUNE 19TH- Last week, the State Bank Examiner closed down The La Salle Street Trust and Savings Bank and today opened bankruptcy proceedings. Dr. W.C. Riblack, Vice President of the Chicago Title and Trust Company, was officially appointed liquidator for the bank, and must put up a $2,500,000 bond.


NEW LONDON, CONNECTICUT, JUNE 19TH- Yale won this afternoon’s boat race against Harvard on the Thames River, by only four inches and proving to be one of the most exciting races ever held. Both boats forced their way through the water, neck to neck at one point, so that the outcome could not be determined for some time. At first, Harvard was declared the winner.


Pennsylvania Railway, next Sunday- special train Union Station at 8:20 am

  • $1.50 roundtrip to Wilmington.
  • $1.75 roundtrip to Chester.

Tickets sold Saturday and Sunday.