Archive

1914

The following text is a translation of the cover of page Der Deutsche Correspondent on June 4, 1914.  The translation is by A. Russell of Edward Larkey’s German language class, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Spring 2011.

Der Deutsche Correspondent, Newspaper. April - June, 1914. Hilgengberg Archive.

IRRIGATION EXPERT

Phoenix, Arizona., June 3rd. – As the inspector of the claims commission, W.A. Ryan, announced, the Federal government has contracted with Sir William Willcocks, the builder of the Aswan dam in Egypt, for the position of consulting engineer for the irrigation bureau of the Federal government. Sir William has already set off for Yuma Arizona on Monday evening for an inspection tour of the entire irrigation complex of the Federal government.

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Short ad notice:
Passports for travel abroad can be taken care of by E. Raine, No. 413, East Baltimore Street, near Custom House Avenue.

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Annexed
Wallis Islands from France
Newest Outrages of the English Suffragettes.

Set buildings on fire in Belfast and in the vicinity of London. – Woman Destroyer of paintings attacks guard of the Dore-Gallery with an axe. – Holloway prison doctor disciplined by horse whip. – Sword fight in Madrid.

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Paris, June 3 – The French colonial office announced the annexing of the Wallis islands in the South Pacific Ocean. The island chain, which contains some 40 square miles of territory and a population of 4500, has been a French protectorate since 1887. Wallis Island lies north east of Fiji.

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ARSONISTS CAUGHT

Belfast, June 3rd – Two suffragettes, Ms. Madge Muir and Ms. Mary Larmour where caught this morning as they set a blaze in an apartment building in the vicinity of Belfast. The two women were sent to the prison for interrogation. The fire only caused minor damage.
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NEWSPAPER EDITOR ATTACKED BY SUFFRAGETTES
Belfast, June 3rd – Today militant Suffragettes attacked Chief Editors of two well known local newspapers that have criticized the campaign of the Suffragettes.

Two well dressed women, one of whom looked huge, entered the office of the “Belfast Telegraph” and were brought to the editing room. Without a word, the larger of the two women went up to Chief Editor Stewart and struck him with a blow from a stool. At the same time, the other dame flung a glue pot at his head.

Both of the women then moved toward the “News Letter Office”, where they made similar attacks on Chief Editor Anderson. The latter is currently under medical treatment.

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MORE VANDALIZING ACTIVITIES FROM THE SUFFRAGETTES

London, June 3rd – A young and elegantly dressed Suffragette carried out a barbarous assault with an axe against a guard of the Dore-Gally. He attempted to restrain her from the destruction of valuable paintings on display.  The lady ruined two paintings and chopped up a third before a guard by the name of Bourlet grabbed her by the arm. Enraged, the vandal then turn against the guard swinging multiple times and inflicting great bodily harm.

Other employees overpowered the woman. Shouting and kicking with all her strength, until she was taken into police custody. The vandal left behind a note in which she declared that the suffragette struggle had, up till this point, behaved much too ladylike. She said: “In order to bring an end to all this, you must ensure justice for us. We would rather die than concede. We have been too ladylike, but as of now we will fight and you can kill us. Others will rise up to take our place. I myself have joined in the fight.”

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NEW PUNISHMENT FOR HOLLOWAY PRISON DOCTOR

London, June 3rd – The Suffragettes have turned their attention anew towards Dr. Francis Edward Forward, the medical official of the Holloway Prison. Two women, who were armed with horse whips, jumped the doctor as he was leaving the prison and administered a hefty punishment. A policeman rushed over and arrested the doctors’ assailants. The latter said her behavior was “a protest against the forced feeding for which this pig is responsible.” Dr. Forward declined to press charges against the women, but the police kept them in custody for disorderly conduct. Dr. Forward was attacked in a similar manner on October 11th of last year.

Today in the early hours, the arson division of the Suffragettes burned down a large cricket pavilion at Carlsfield, southwest of London.
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SWORD FIGHT IN MADRID
Madrid, June 3rd – Yesterday, Antonio Maura, the son of the previous Prime Minister, and the radical Deputy Rodrigo [EL1] Soriano engaged in a sword fight that was fought out with great vehemency. But it lasted only 17 seconds and ended with the injury of both fighters. Maura received a wound on his forehead and Soriano suffered an honorable slash from his ear to his mouth. No reconciliation was negotiated.
The duel was the result of an unsettling scene that occurred in the lobby of the deputy’s chamber on the 27th of May. Maura had attacked Soriano with a cane and with his fists after Soriano called Maura’s father a coward during a debate.

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RULING IN DYNAMITE LAWSUIT STANDS

Chicago June 3rd – The decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the federal circuit, through which Olaf A. Tveitmoe from San Francisco and Richard Houlihan from Chicago requested a new trial in the dynamite cases, was instead reconfirmed today in an opinion delivered by Judge Seaman. The court revoked its own ruling which granted a new trial to William. Bernhardt from Cincinnati.

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THREE UNIDENTIFIED PERSONS RUN OVER BY TRAIN

Hickory, Miss., June 3rd
Coroners attempted to identify the bodies of three well dressed men today. Their mangled bodies were found near the tracks of the “Alabama and Vicksburg Railway” in the early hours of the morning. Two of the bodies were found close together about three miles west of Hickory. The third body was found approximately one and a half miles further westward. Wallets which were found near the bodies gave no identification.

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BANK PRESIDENT COMMITS SUICIDE

San Francisco, June 3rd

George H. Luchsinger, President of the “Humboldt Savings Bank,” one of the biggest financial institutions in the state of California, committed suicide today. The cause of death was gas inhalation. The officials and directors of the bank stated that an inquiry into the bank’s books determined that the finances of the bank are in the best of shape. Mr. Luchsinger was 56 years old. He leaves behind a widow and a son.

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FUNERAL CORTEGE STRUCK BY TRAIN

Buffalo, N.Y., June 3rd 

Mrs L. Carr, 62 years old, was killed instantly and her spouse sustained life-threatening injuries as their carriage, in which was traveling in a funeral procession, was struck by a train of the “Pennsylvania Railway” as it was crossing the railroad tracks in Chaffot.

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SICKNESS PREVENTION DAY

Indianapolis, Ind., June 2nd

Governor Ralston will soon proclaim the entire state of Indiana to observe “Sickness Prevention Day” for the month of October. The idea comes from the Indiana “Society for Combating Tuberculosis”. This move towards combating disease will likely involve sixty branches of the “Anti-Tuberculosis Society”, the state sanitary and the educational authorities, including schools, colleges and all public and civil associations in the state.

THE KEY TO THE RESOLUTION OF THE MEXICAN PROBLEMS LIES IN THE HANDS OF GENERAL CARRANZA

Gen. Carranza is in possession of a dispatch from the South American mediator. The continuation of the peace conference depends on his answer. Washington officials wait in suspense for his reply.

Niagara Falls, Ont. June 3rd

The mediation conference waits for an answer from General Carranza this evening. General Carranza the High Commander of the Constitutionalist troops in Mexico. He has possession of a message from three South American diplomats who opened the door for Constitutionalist representation in the current conference. It depends on his word whether the entire Mexican problem will be settled by diplomatic means or whether the Constitutionalists will continue their struggle to Mexico City by force of arms.

The mediators have cleared the way for the participation of the Constitutionalists in a dignified manner. The United States hopes that they accept this participation. A rejection of the invitation may potentially result in the withdrawal of moral support the Washington government provided to the Constitutionalist cause.

The mediators were hopeful this evening that General Carranza would send his delegates here. The mediators did not believe that the proceedings would be prolonged indefinitely. They instead have the opposite belief that a peaceful resolution can be reached more quickly because all parties in the Mexican controversy will be participating in establishing the peace program. Neither the Mexican nor the American delegates proceeded today with the conference. It may be said that all authoritative figures here would like to see the Constitutionalists enter the negotiating with reconciliatory spirit. The Constitutionalists will experience neither technical nor other hinderances on the part of the Huerta delegates.

The mediators stated that the note to Carranza will not be made public at this moment out of courtesy and consideration for General Carranza’s opposition. An answer is not expected for another two days. However, people are hopeful that his answer will be favorable.

The mediators are willing to discuss the interests of the Constitutionalists in a fair manner and with special regard in light of the fact that the Constitutionalists control a large part of Mexico now and are therefore represent the most important element in the problem.  The dominant view here is that the Constitutionalists are reluctant to approve the mediation due to a misconception of the nature of the mediation proceedings. There is no intention to negotiate issues concerning the land. The American delegates have never suggested any plan to remedy the agrarian troubles and also have raised no such demand to do this. The American government and the mediators only wish that the provisional government be morally obliged to address the land question and to resolve it in a manner such that they all interests might be satisfied equally.

Although the land question is not the sole cause of unrest in Mexico, it has consistently been the motive for the revolutions.

Should the Constitutionalists refuse to take part in the negotiations and the continuation/prosecution…

(Continuation on page 6.)

The following text is a translation of the cover of page Der Deutsche Correspondent on June 20, 1914.  The translation is by K. Barbour of Edward Larkey’s German language class, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Spring 2011.

June 20, 1914

Accident in Quarry – Explosion in Hillcrest Mine
Probably Over Two Hundred Lost
Only fourteen out of the fifty that were salvaged in the wreck were alive altogether two hundred and fifty minters were buries under the rubble and earth. Toxic gas hampers rescue teams, Mining catastrophe in Belgium  turns out well.

Lethbridge, Alberta, June 19th — As a result of an intense explosion in Mine no. 20 of the Hilcrest Collieries, Ltd., two hundred and fifty miners were buried today in the Crows Nest district, near Fernie, B.C. Of the fifty workers who were pulled from the wreckage, only fourteen were found to be alive. The rescue team has been organized by a number of knowledgeable miners in the area, though their prospects are pretty bleak of finding the over two hundred men to pull out, due to the poisonous gas and extensive debris,.

Some six hundred men entered the mine this morning before the explosion, and three hundred and fifty of them were brought to safety. Shortly thereafter, officials of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company sent a train with several nurses, and medicines of all kinds to the site of the wreck in hopes of helping in any way possible. A rescue team from Blairmore sent by the federal government then joined them.

As the day wore on and dusk approached, a number of women stood anxiously near the mine, waiting and hoping that their loved ones would be found. Their cries for help which had reached the surface earlier, went silent. , The women finally left to go home, with tear stained cheeks. The explosion occurred around 9:00 am and carried such a strong force that it took off the roofs of many of the miners’ small houses nearby and demolished large buildings in the neighborhood.

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AMAZING ESCAPE AS DEATH LOOMS INCHES AWAY

Liege, Belgium, June 19th
– A fire ripped through the Vieille Marihaye mine yesterday, burying two hundred coal miners until this morning. Some two hundred of their fellow work mates were able to get out safely when they heard the alarm. The fire still raged on into the afternoon and a rescue team did everything in its power to free the helpless miners.

(Later.)

After hours and hours of selfless and heroic work, the brave rescue workers finally brought all of the miners to the surface.

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AN UNTIMELY DEATH…

London, England, June 19th– Sir John Edward Gray Hill, the nephew of the reformder of the Postal Service was found in dead in his bed this morning. He complained of feeling ill the evening before, but his death was completely unexpected. Sir John, who was 75 years old, was an important figure in the area of marine law, and was president of “The Law Society” from 1903 to 1904.

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SERBIA WARNS TURKEY

Constantinople, June 19th– Serbia has warned the Turkish sultancy that it will not be able to maintain an amicable relationship with the country should Turkey initiate war with Greece. It is believed that this warning has dampened the spirits of Turkey’s warmongers who are currently trying to induce the government to begin hostilities.

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AIRPLANE CRASHES

-Two dead, two severely injured. – Two military pilots perish in Petersburg.
-Twelve people killed in tragic landslide in train tunnel. -Anxiously awaiting consequences of Beiliss Case.- Vera Tcheberiak’s brother arrested.- Allegedly involved in Murder of Yuihinksy boy. 

St. Petersburg, June 19th- The Russian military pilot Sopokine was killed today in the Gatchina Aerodome when he tragically plummeted to the ground from a considerable altitude. A second military pilot by the name of Janowski, was killed in an accident later on that day in the Aerodrome.

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PILOT AND PASSENGER SEVERELY INJURED

Stolkholm, June 19th- Lieutenant G. De Porat, a military pilot, and M. Hygerth, his passenger, suffered serious injuries today when his airplane fell one hundred feet to the ground. The plane crashed near Jonkoping and was the first serious airplane crash in Sweden.

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TWELVE DEAD IN LANDSLIDE

Nice, Italy, June 19th- A landslide in a tunnel crashed onto the railway today, killing twelve people on the train from Nice to Cuneo, Italy and severely injuring seven others. It is feared that many more people lie helplessly buried under all the debris.

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VERA LCHEBERIAK’S BROTHER ARRESTED

Kiev, Russia, June 19th- Singaievsky, brother of Vera Tcheberiak, known for his role in the court case regarding the murder of young boy, Andreas Yuihinsky against the accused suspect Mendel Beiliss, was arrested by authorities today. At the same time, Vera is being kept under close surveillance by the police. The woman has been expelled from the organization, “Black Hundreds” had been, which is a sure indication that the expected legal action would be brought against the her.

Two detectives testified at the Beiliss hearing, explaining how they had posed as criminals after hearing from Singaievsky. They had heard that he, along with Rudzinsky and Latisheff at Vera Tcheberiak’s house- the supposed crime scene where thieves and other riff-raff gathered, had killed Yuihinsky.

Vera Tscheberiak had recently had a libel suit brought against Yablonovsky- the editor of “Kievsky Misl”, the same day that he identified her as the accomplice of the murder in his newspaper. Mr. Yablonovsky was able to provide sufficient evidence however, that allowed for his aquittal.

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Guilty of Defamation

St. Petersburg, June 19th- The case against the twenty five lawyers associated with the Beiliss lawsuit has finally ended. All defendants have been found guilty, each serving six months in jail, except for two, who will serve eight months. At the time of the Beiliss trial, the lawyers had declared that the Ministry of Justice and the court in Kiev was was biased by racial and national prejudice.

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SUFFRAGETTES SET CHURCH ON FIRE

London, June 19th- The Arson-Division of the militant Suffragettes attempted arson last night to burn down a church in Beckenham, a southeastern city in the suburbs of London. The flames were quickly extinguished and the damage was only minimal.

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(Fourth Column)

STILL HOPE FOR A SUCCESSFUL PEACE CONFERENCE. ONE NEGOTIATOR`S POINT OF VIEW.

-The same viewpoint shared by State Secretary Bryan. -Throughout the day, Argentinean Ambassador Naón held long conferences with the President and the Secretary Bryan. – Events inside Mexico.

WASHINGTON, JUNE 19TH.-Before Argentinean Ambassador Naón traveled from here to Niagara Falls, he spoke at length into the late hours of the night with President Wilson and State Secretary Bryan today in Washington D.C. He declared that he still had hopes that the Peace Conference goals would be achieved. Naón is one of the three negotiators from South America. After the discussion with Ambassador Naón, State Secretary Bryan also stated that he doesn´t yet have doubts about the success of the negotiators to carry out their plans.

EITHER, OR- 

NIAGRA FALLS, JUNE 19TH- Judge Lamar’s memorandum to Señor Emilio Rabasa, leader of the Mexican delegation,was an ultimatum that declared that the United States would insist on the acceptance of its plans for Mexico’s pacification. If the Huerta Delegation does not comply, then the mediation conference will come to a conclusion tomorrow or Monday. The United States have made their position unmistakably clear to the negotiators. Brazilian ambassador da Gama and Chilean ambassador Suarez approached the Americans and were curious to know if the Americans’ opinion had changed due to the tense relationship between Carranza and Villa, though they received a negative response.

The negotiators held no formal meeting today because Argentinean ambassador Naón stayed in Washington for the day but is expected back tomorrow. General Huerta reported from Mexico City that Señor Pedro Lascurain was appointed Foreign Minister, which could potentially change the entire situation if Señor Lascurain completely disregards the negotiations made by the mediators and is appointed provisional President.

Señor Lascurain had the foreign minister’s portfolio under Madero’s rule and became the provisional president since (now former) President Francisco Madero has been overthrown. He then appointed General Huerta to his cabinet and shortly thereafter relinquished his position of President to the general. In Constitutionalist circles, Señor Lascarain would hardly be acceptable as President, because he was accused of being too accommodating to General Huerta

LAREDO, TEXAS, JUNE 19TH- Fifteen generals in the Constitutionalist army, composed of some thirty  thousand men, sent a letter to headquarters at the time of Villa’s resignation and renounced their allegiance to General Carranza. Villa did not sign the note. This information was previously held back due to strict censorship in Saltillo but arrived here today, along with many travelers from Saltillo and Monterrey. According to informed sources, the note claims that the top leaders are aware that the generals will continue their fight against General Huerta, but will only obey the orders of General (Pancho) Villa and will no longer recognize General Carranza. When the travelers left Saltillo, the situation at hand at yet to be fixed by the compromise published later on.

(Continued in column 5) Recent plans indicate that General Pablo Gonzales would attack San Luis Potosi, while Villa would try to capture the city of Zacatecas and then move south to Mexico City as originally planned. Simultaneously General Obregon would march from the west to the capital city.

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(Fifth column)

POLICE INSPECTOR SHOT DEAD.

-While attempting to apprehend a murder suspect.
– Suspect severely wounded.

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, JUNE 19TH- Police Inspector Thomas F. Norton was killed in an attempt to arrest Lawrence Robinson, who is wanted for allegedly three murders in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Robinson was severely injured as Mr. Norton tried to apprehend the Robinson Two other police inspectors and a friend of Robinson’s, Joseph Daniels, took part in the firefight, which began in a restaurant (in the business section) and continued into the street outside. Nearly fifty rounds were shot and luckily, Daniels was apprehended.

ARE MURDER AND ROBBERY INVOLVED?

GRAND RAPIDS, MIGHIGAN, JUNE 19TH- Lawrence P. (“Chippy”) Robinson is wanted for his involvement with the robbery at Thompson’s Jewelry Store, where three store employees were shot by two thieves. The robbers ran off with twenty-two hundred dollars worth of diamonds. A reward of two thousand dollars has been posted for anyone who captures Robinson.

THINGS NOT LOOKING GOOD FOR TEPIC, MEXICO 

ABOARD THE BATTLESHIP, “CALIFORNIA” IN MAZATLAN, MEXICO, JUNE 19TH (by wireless transmission to San Diego, CA)-  Refugees arrived last night and this afternoon on the steamship, “City of Para” (from “Pacific Mail Line”) from the besieged city of Tepic. They reported that conditions in the city are desperate. The censorship is so strict that no more details are available, Forty American refugees have already left on the “Para” for San Francisco today. The long siege and the scarcity of food have driven even those foreigners out of the country who until now have stayed behind for health reasons.

GENERAL CABALLERO’S SUCCESSOR. 

TAMPICO, MEXICO, JUNE 18TH (via Laredo, June 19th)- Colonel Lopez Delara will replace General Caballero as Military Governor in Tampico. General Caballero left for Monterrey today, as he will be deployed once again for active duty.

SOLDIER COMMITS SUICIDE.

SPOKANE, WA, JUNE 19TH-  Julius Denow, a 45-year old employee of the “C” Company, 14th Infantry Regiments  sadly shot himself today, using his own gun immediately following his arrest, as he abandoned his post without taking approved leave). Mr. Denow already had seven years of service under his belt and only needed two more years before he could have retired.

BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS.

CHICAGO, JUNE 19TH- Last week, the State Bank Examiner closed down The La Salle Street Trust and Savings Bank and today opened bankruptcy proceedings. Dr. W.C. Riblack, Vice President of the Chicago Title and Trust Company, was officially appointed liquidator for the bank, and must put up a $2,500,000 bond.

YALE WINS.

NEW LONDON, CONNECTICUT, JUNE 19TH- Yale won this afternoon’s boat race against Harvard on the Thames River, by only four inches and proving to be one of the most exciting races ever held. Both boats forced their way through the water, neck to neck at one point, so that the outcome could not be determined for some time. At first, Harvard was declared the winner.

ROUNDTRIP TO PHILADELPHIA ONLY $2.00

Pennsylvania Railway, next Sunday- special train Union Station at 8:20 am

  • $1.50 roundtrip to Wilmington.
  • $1.75 roundtrip to Chester.

Tickets sold Saturday and Sunday. 

Translation by S. A. Fard, Spring 2011

Sunday, April 19, 1914

Discovery Travels in Germany

Column 1:

Year after year nature-loving people hike alone through Germany, their fatherland. Not just in the summer, but the winter has also become a travel season for wealthy people. But still the flow of hikers follows the world renowned routes, specified by the travel books but hallowed by tradition. How very few travelers even think of visiting remote areas along the way, in which they can find beauty of nature, historical memories, affirmation of their knowledge, and other good things. That is why it is pertinent to discover hidden corners and unvisited areas, and to reveal places which have not yet been overrun by tourists. You can also discover areas in our dear fatherland worthy of an honorable sweat. One should stride with walking stick and backpack and have open eyes and warm hearts to take in the attractions of the landscape and history.

One such quiet corner can be found in the German south, more specifically in Odenwald, Odenwald is a famous old mountain area. This German mountain forest, whose name is not derived from Odin, but from the old German name Odo (our Otto), is one of the most wonderful mountain landscapes there is. This is a favorite place for the German fairy tales; here is the scene of the legend of Nibelungs; here a pithy group of people lives in the towns and villages. The much-trodden path of the Bergstrasse is not where we want to lead the readers wandering along with us in their minds. When we take the train from Bensheim to Worms we get off at the first station. This is the ancient market town of Lorsch, the place that Karl the Great built in the early middle ages, with a powerful and influential abbey. In the Chapel of Maria of this abbey the first king of Germany, Ludwig the German, was buried. Today, only the architecturally significant passageway hall stands next to the monastery. Even this place is connected to the Nibelung fairy tale, because Kriemhild went with Siegfried’s corpse to Lorsch. The marketplaces of the ancient cities of Odenwald are very interesting. Michelstadt is a cozy medieval town, where there is a fountain with St. Michael in front of the old gothic town hall made of wood. Michelstadt is also one of Germany’s oldest towns. It was home of one of the treasure chambers of Karl the Great and Louis the Pious gave the 815 biographer of Karl the Great (Charlemagne), the famous Einhard. Very close to Michelstadt lies the castle  Fürstenau, the stately built castle from 1270. Fürstenau is the residential seat of the counts of Erbach-Fürstenau. The castle offers a very picturesque scene with its grapevine-sheathed archway through which one can see the castle. For friends of ancient memories, the town of Miltenberg, which is mentioned many times in the Peasants’ War, is of a great interest. This town, which lies on the Main river, has one of Germany’s oldest guest houses. Famous people such as Götz of Berlichingen, Luther, Gustav Adolf, and others stayed at this guest house known as the “Giant”. The original half-timbered houses on the market remind one of the Hildersheimer buildings.

There are jovial people in this intimate little town. And whoever likes some good wine mixers can find them here in abundance. Then, after a pleasant returns to the next large city – it is Darmstadt – and even though he wasn’t in the desert, he finds a camel in the Hessian capital. That’s the strange tree trunk that is shown in one of our photos.

To be continued…

Photo captions:

Top: On the Mosel
Middle-left: Marketplace in Michelstadt in the Odenwald
Middle-center: Marketplace in Miltenberg
Middle-right: The “Camel” on “Scheppen-Allee” in Darmstadt
Bottom-left: Fürstenau Palace in Odenwald
Bottom-right: The Gatehouse in Lorsch

Translation by H. Yang, Spring 2011
August 5, 1914

Column 3 & 4:

Germany declares war on England. Also at war with France.
The World War is in full swing.
Germany and Austria stand alone against England, France, Russia, Serbia, Montenegro.
Emperor Wilhelm’s Momentous Speech from the Thone

All of Europe  is now up in arms. Germany and Great Britain have declared war on one another. Germany formally decided that it considers itself to be at war with France. The declaration of Britain’s decision, for which that had the entire world was waiting, states happened before the termination of the ultimatum England gave Germany.
The declaration of war was the result of Germany’s refusal to acknowledge England’s demand for respecting of Belgian neutrality.
The British ambassador in Berlin has received his passport.
The constellation of powers in the violent European conflict is, at this time, the following: Germany and Austria stand alone against Britain, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro.
Italy has proclaimed its neutrality, but still has mobilized. Belgium, Holland and Switzerland have also mobilized.
Belgium has responded to German’s wishes to allow its troops passage through the country by stating that it will use all power at its disposal to oppose this.
Sweden has not given its answer to Germany’s and Russia’s inquiry about its position.
Japan declared that it might be necessary under certain circumstances to fulfill obligations to England.
Spain is busy drafting a declaration of neutrality.
President Wilson has issued a proclamation declaring the neutrality of the United States in the European conflict.
Emperor Wilhelm holds an extremely important speech from the throne at the opening of the Reichstag. He describes the reasons why Germany decided to enter the war, and he expresses his confidence that Germany will be victorious.

Declaration of War on Britain
London, Aug. 4- According to an official announcement, Germany has officially declared war on Britain.

Britain answers with declaration of war.
London, Aug. 4- At 7 this evening Britain declared war on Germany.
The British Foreign Office issued the following statement:
“Since the German government has summarily rejected Britain’s position that Belgium’s neutrality should be respected, the British ambassador to Berlin had received his passport. The British government declared to the German government, that from 11 PM on August 4th, there exists a state of war between Britain and Germany.”

Germany at War with France
Paris, Aug. 4- The French Minister of War issued the following note today:
“The German ambassador has submitted a request for his passport, and the diplomatic relations between France and Germany have been severed. War is declared. The first act of the German government was, according to information obtained by the Minister of War from a confirmed source, Mr. Samani, the Ex-President of the French War Society, who lives in Metz, was executed and all members of that Society were thrown in prison.

French Ambassador in Berlin demands his passport.
Paris, Aug. 4- Today the French government sent Jules Cambon, the French ambassador to Berlin, his orders to return. He has demanded his passport and will entrust France’s proxy representation to the United States.
The French government delcared that Baron von Schoen, the German ambassador in Paris, has incorporated several incorrect details in his note, among them a French aviator invaded Belgium, supposedly flew over Nuremberg and dropped bombs, and that French troops had allegedly crossed the German border at various points. A precise investigation has determined that all of these allegations were completely unfounded.

Emporer Wilhelm’s Important Speech
Berlin, Aug. 4- Today’s opening of the Reichstag by Emporer Wilhelm turned out to be an uplifting and meaningful event. In his speech from the throne, the Emporer said:

“The world was a witness, as we have tirelessly attempted to protects the nations of Europe from a war between the large powers, to the chaos and unrest of the preceding years.  The greatest threats had been created by the events on the Balkan Peninsula. Then came the murder of my friend, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which opened a deep precipice. 
My ally, Emperor Franz Joseph, felt obligated to resort to weaponry to protect his realm against the dangerous agitation that was spread in a neighboring country.
While Austria-Hungary wanted to pursue its interests, Russia placed itself in their way.
Our duty as an ally called us to Austria’s side, and simultaneously a tremendous task was imposed on us. Together with the old culture of the two kingdoms, we had to protect our own position against the attacks of hostile forces.
With a heavy heart I gave the order to mobilize my army against our neighbor, with whom we’ve fought side-by-side on many battlefields, and with deep regret I saw the destruction of friendship, to which Germany has kept so loyal.
The imperial-Russian government, led by insatiable Nationalism, is taking aside of one of the states in the war, which has caused the calamity of this war by its criminal acts.
The fact that France has taken the side of our enemy came as no surprise to us. Too often our hopes for engaging in more friendly relations with the French Republic were met by the expression of old hopes and historically rooted hatred.  
The current situation is not born out of a temporary conflict of interest or diplomatic combinations, but is the result of growing envy at the years of strength and prosperity of the German Empire.
We are not motivated by a yearning for conquest. We are propelled by the unwavering desire given to us by God to protect ourselves and to preserve our place for posterity.
My government, and in particular, my Chancellor, tried until the last moment to prevent it from progressing to the worst.
We were forced into self-defense, and, with a clear conscience and clean hands we take hold of the sword.
I am making an appeal to the people and race of the German Empire.
Together with our brotherly allies, we can defend what we have created in peaceful collaboration.
Following the example of our fathers, strong and loyal, austere and chivalrous, humbly before our God and prepared for battle in the face of the enemy, let us trust in the Almighty, who gives our defense strength, and it will lead us to a fulfilling end.” 

At the end of the speech from the throne, the Emperor turned directly to the delegates and spoke the words:

“Gentlemen, you have read what I recently spoke to the people about on the balcony of my castle.  I reiterate that I no longer know the different parties. I only know German. And as evidence to prove that you are determined, with regard for the party affiliation, to stand at my side in danger and death. 
I urge the leaders of the different parties in this house to confirm this by shaking hands.”

The Emperor made the opening ceremony at the White Hall of the castle.
The Empress, the Crown Princess and the members of the foreign diplomatic corps, among them the American Ambassador, James W. Bernard, were present.
The Emperor, who was surrounded by a large number of his staff, wore a grey general’s uniform.
Subsequently following the Emperor’s speech, Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg made the following short speech. He stated:

“We knew that France was ready for an invasion. France could wait, war or no war. However, an attack from the French to our flanks on the Lower Rhein would have been fatal, and that is why were forced to disregard the legitimate protests of the Luxembourg and Belgian governments. We will make amends once we have achieved our military goals.”